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October 18, 2014

Indian history about Pre Mauryan Age hand notes for Group-I, Group-II, Group-IV, Jr.Lecturers and Degree Lecturers and Civil services prelims

PRE - MAURYAN AGE (600 -300 B.C)

Different Names:
Age of Shodasa Mahajanapadas.
Age of Buddha (Yugapurusha)

Mahajanapadas:
Anguttara Nikaya - Buddhist literature in pali language.

Important languages of Ancient India:
Sanskrit - Intellectual language
Pali & Prakrit - Convenient to common man
Buddhists - Pali language
Jain - Prakrit language

North-west India - 2 Janapadas
South India - 1 Janapada
North India - 13 Janapadas

S.No
Name
Capital
1 Magadha Raja Gruha - shifted to Pataliputra
2 Anga Champa
3 Malla Pava (Bihar), Kashi (U.P)
4 Vijji/Lichavi Vaishali (Bihar)
5 Kasi Varanasi
6 Kuru Hastinapur, Indraprasta
7 Saurasena Mathura
8 Panchala Ahichchatra
9 Kosala Shravasti
10 Matsya Virata Nagara (Jaipur)
11 Avanti (Central India) Ujjain (M.P)
12 Chedi (Central India)
(Bundelkhand)
Suktimati
13 Gandhara (North-west India) Takshasila (Taxila) (Rawalpandi), Pushkalavati (Pak-afghan border)
14 Kamboja (North-west India) Rajapura
15 Asmaka (South India) Podana (Bodar in Nizamabad)